The vast majority of patients requiring liver transplantation are patients with liver cirrhosis.
Currently, it is accepted that all patients with end-stage liver cirrhosis with a life expectancy of less than 1 year are candidates for liver transplantation, and transplantation is recommended (or should be recommended) for these patients. Because half of the patients in this condition die within a year due to this disease or its complications. Timely liver transplants have a success rate of over 80%.
If transplantation is performed before the patients deteriorate, that is, before their general condition deteriorates, the risk of surgery decreases and their life expectancy is prolonged, and in late transplantation, the cost increases. Therefore, appropriate timing and appropriate patient selection are very important.
Liver transplantation is performed between donors and recipients of the same blood groups. Although liver transplantation can be performed even among people whose blood types do not match to save lives in very urgent conditions, in practice it can only be considered as a last resort due to the size of the surgery.